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  • What is Homeschooling?

    Homeschooling is a type of alternative education, usually chosen by parents that have chosen not to delegate the education of their children to the government and the school system.

    Browse the page What is homeschooling? for more information.

    Where Can We find Resources or Information About Homeschooling?

    Browse different sections and pages on this website for numerous resources and information, in particular Homeschooling in Quebec and SupportThe Direction de l’enseignement à la maison (DEM) is also an important reference.

    You can browse different Facebook groups or search the web for more information.

    Can I Teach in the Language of My Choosing?

    The language of instruction and second language used in homeschooling must be French and English. It is possible to use English as the language of instruction even if the child isn’t eligible to English education in the school system.

    Consult the page Legal aspects for more details.

    How to Know What to Teach and Where to Find the Material?

    What parents teach depends a lot on what type of educational approach they use. Some parents choose to follow their children’s interests and build their guidance from there. Student manuals contain a good overview of topics covered in school. 

    You can purchase manuals and material in bookstores or directly from publishers specialized in education. AQED members have access to exclusive rebates from some publishers. 

    Many online resources are available to homeschooling families. Here’s a list of places where material can be found:

    • University documentation centers
    • Municipal libraries
    • Downloadable content, classes and games on Internet
    • Swapping or selling of material between parent-educators (on Facebook groups, with people you meet in support groups, etc.)
    • Material supplied by a hired tutor 
    • Extracurricular activities 
    • Activities in community centers for homeschooled children
    • Educational material already at home (crossword puzzles, board games like Monopoly, Scrabble or card games, books, recipes, computer games, etc.)

    School service centers must give access to manuals and other teaching material (according to their terms and conditions and availability).

    What to Do When Your Child Wants to Learn Something That You Cannot Teach?

    There are many ways to supplement a parent’s lack of knowledge of a particular subject:

    • Learn along side the child (this also teaches ways to study and shows the child that we learn throughout our lives)
    • Form a group with other children to study the subject 
    • Follow online classes or Youtube tutorials
    • Use educational software
    • Hire a tutor
    • Trade educational services with other families
    • Ask people around you, family or friends: many would happily share their knowledge with your child  
    How Can I Be Sure My Child is Learning?

    First and foremost, observe your child!

    Children learn all the time, they can’t help it! By spending time with them, you will notice changes in their capabilities and their comprehension. According to their level and your educational philosophy, you can tailor your approach by suggesting new learning strategies, revision or assessments. 

    Why Do People Homeschool?

    Motives for homeschooling are diverse and every family generally has a number of reasons for doing so. In Quebec, the choice is mainly attributed to a different vision of family life, a critique of the school system, a need to meet a child’s specific needs, as well as wanting to take advantage of innovative learning technologies which challenge traditional education models. 

    Consult the page Motivations for more information.

    How Many Children are Homeschooled?

    For 2015-2016, the Minister of Education counted 1,928 homeschoolers. However, a number of children weren’t officially registered, given the poor reputation of school boards and service centers in relation to homeschooling. Therefore, we don’t have reliable, official numbers prior to the establishment of the Direction de l’enseignement à la maison (DEM – the homeschooling branch of the Minister of Education). 

    For the year 2019-2020, the DEM counted around 6,000 registered children. It is, however, possible that some families still aren’t registered with the DEM. Across North America, it is estimated that homeschooled children represent 1 to 4% of all children. Therefore, AQED assumes there are between 5,000 and 10,000 homeschooled children in Quebec.

  • What is AQED?

    The Association québécoise pour l’éducation à domicile (AQED) is a volunteer organization whose mission is to inform, represent and support parents who homeschool their children.

    Founded in 1997 by homeschooling families who wanted to support each other in their educational projects, the association offers services to its members and to the Quebec homeschooling community.


    What Support Does AQED Offer?

    AQED offers many services to all homeschooling families who feel the need, whether it be through information on the website, volunteers replying to questions on Facebook groups, giving access to a list of learning resources or by offering support to parents with specific questions. 

    For its members, AQED offers structured support with a specialized FAQ and legal support if needed, in addition to rebates, subscription to a monthly newsletter and the Portfolio magazine, not to mention all other resources and exclusive documents. 

    Is It Possible to Obtain Financial Support or Tax Credit When Homeschooling?

    No. The government doesn’t offer financial support. Homeschooling is not tax deductible. There are no specific fiscal measures tied to homeschooling. However, some classes can be deductible and some activities can be deducted as a day care service. 

    Consult your accountant to obtain the documentation needed to do these deductions.

    Is there a Support Group in My Area?

    Numerous groups exist in the different regions of Quebec. Browse the List of Regional Groups in your area. If your region isn’t mentioned, you can ask on AQED’s Facebook group, since some groups are secret, only available with an invite. 

    You can also view the Regional Representatives page to contact representatives of the association located throughout the province and be advised of available support near you.

  • How Much Time Per Day Should Be Dedicated to Homeschooling?

    Learning opportunities present themselves at every hour of the day. It is therefore difficult to give a precise answer. Some families have tightly structured schedules, others have open schedules and many families fall somewhere in between. 

    For information purposes only, families who follow traditional teaching methods spend one to four hours a day, depending on the child’s age.

    Are There Any Activities Available for Homeschoolers During Weekdays?

    Many activities are available during the day, even throughout the week. To learn what activities exist in your area, you can ask your local support group or AQED’s regional representative of your region. 

    You can also get informed through AQED’s Facebook groups.

    What Does Homeschooling Cost?

    The cost depends mostly on the teaching approach and your family’s values. Purchasing used material, exchanging material or services between families, using rebate cards from your city, free resources on the Internet or visiting your local library are ways to reduce the cost of homeschooling. Teacher’s manuals being, in general, pretty expensive, some parents only buy activity notebooks and browse guides and correction books at a University documentation centre.

    Many expenses are lower than in the school system. There are generally less childcare costs, expenses for lunches, for clothes, for the school supplies list, etc. However, many families will spend more on outings, subscriptions, material and other activities.

    How to Homeschool When You Have More Than One Child?

    Some teaching approaches and activities allow for multi-age participation. Learning by theme, by project and natural learning, for instance, conveniently allows children from different ages to participate in common activities. Some outings, games and other activities can be adapted so there’s something for everyone.

    When we want to work individually with one child, it is possible to find a series of activities that their brothers and sisters can accomplish on their own, especially older kids. They can, moreover, deepen or revise the subjects by explaining it to their siblings or their friends. Puzzles, playdough, coloring or activity books are enjoyed by young children since it allows them to be seated with the big kids. You will notice the little ones often show interest in the lessons for the older kids and their participation is enriching. 

    Remember that learning at home in small groups allows you to teach a subject quicker than in school. Allocated time for each child will be automatically reduced.

    How to Provide Socialization?

    Homeschooled children have various and numerous occasions to socialize. 

    Support groups everywhere in Quebec enable kids to be in regular contact with children of all ages. Friends, neighborhood kids, family and various contacts in the community (grocery shopping, library, museum and trips) offer numerous possibilities for socialization. Participating in community life (Scouts, 4H groups, summer camp, team sports, dance classes, singing lessons, book clubs, etc.) lets kids be in contact with other kids and adults. In Quebec, particularly in big cities, there are also community centers for homeschooling families.  

    In fact, research shows that homeschoolers are just as socialized as children in school. One of the main reasons for this is that these children grow up around adults and, often, older kids. They therefore benefit from more mature role models. They also have the opportunity to serve as a role model themselves, whether with their younger siblings, or other children.

    Is Having Their Children Constantly at Home Difficult for Parents?

    Homeschooling is a conscious and informed choice, made by parents concerned for the well-being of their children. The parents know that they must make certain sacrifices, but they also know that they will be greatly rewarded by the joy of being able to watch their children grow and flourish in peace, freedom, and the joy of learning. Children who are homeschooled don’t spend the day sitting on a bench. They spend their energy bit by bit, contrary to what often happens in schools, where children become over-excited at the end of the day due to not having moved as they needed during the day.  

    However, being constantly with your children can be a challenge for many parents. In these cases, it’s important for parents to seek out their own support network and to find a rhythm that suits both themselves and their children.

    Is It Possible to Travel During the School Year?

    If Your Child is Currently Homeschooled

    In general, as long as you are out of the province, you are no longer under the jurisdiction of the Direction de l’enseignement à la maison (DEM). You can therefore request that they stop monitoring you at the start of your trip, thereby suspending any obligations that may take place during your trip. When you return to Quebec, you can resume the procedures from the beginning, in the same way as if you decided to withdraw your child during the school year.

    In any case, you can contact the DEM for more information.

    If Your Child is Currently in School

    • Departure During the School Year For a Short Period: you must simply inform the teacher and the school principal of the dates of your trip. Sometimes, it is possible to obtain from the teacher what needs to be seen during the absence from school. When returning, your child will go back to class as usual.    
    • Departure During the School Year For a Longer Period: as long as you are out of the school service center’s territory, it has no jurisdiction. There isn’t necessarily an evaluation. Returning from the trip, the children are returned to class according to their level corresponding to their age on September 30th.
    • Returning to Class During the School Year After a Long Departure: the school or the school service center will possibly evaluate your child. The child is generally re-integrated in class according to his/her age. There aren’t normally grades assigned to missed evaluations during the absence.
    •  Return to Class Coinciding With Entering High School: there may be a placement exam to determine if the child should enter into a regular program, in an enriched course or if he will need to change grades. The exact terms and agreements will then be determined with the school service center, school board or school.

    If the topic interests you, there are many resources on world schooling and travel education, including Facebook groups and blogs.

    Can I Homeschool if I Am a Single Parent?

    Although the financial side of homeschooling can be a real challenge for many families – especially those with only one parent – it can be done.

    Some parents work from home, others work in the evenings and learn with their children during the day.

    Some work part-time and rely on the help of their network to look after their children in their absence or even have their own businesses and bring their children to work.

    Some parents live on government family allowances.

    There are many possibilities.

  • Is Homeschooling Legal in Quebec?

    Yes, absolutely.

    It is not only legal, but it is a fundamental right enshrined in the Civil Code of Quebec.

    This right is accompanied by certain specific obligations that govern the framework for homeschooling.

    When Does Homeschooling Begin and How Long Can it Continue?

    Homeschooling follows compulsory school attendance, governed by the Education Act, which depends on the age of the child on July 1st of the current year.

    When Can I Withdraw My Child From School?

    It is possible to withdraw your child from school at any time during the year.

    However, legal obligations will differ depending on the date of withdrawal. See the Start Here page for more information.

    Can a School or School Service Center Refuse That I Take My Child Out of the School System to Homeschool?

    No. Parents are, first and foremost, responsible for their children’s education and they are allowed to not delegate this responsibility to the government.

    Homeschooling is, therefore, a right. You must simply follow the law and regulations on homeschooling.

    What are the Legal Obligations Relating to Homeschooling?

    You will find all the information on the legal obligations to follow in the Start Here section of the website.

    You can also refer to the website of the Direction de l’enseignement à la maison (DEM).


    Do I Need to Follow the Progression of Learning of the Quebec Education Program?

    No. The Progression of Learning is a complementary document to the Quebec Education Program (QEP), designed to guide teachers in their work within the school system. Homeschooling families are required to aim for the competencies of the mandatory subjects of the QEP named in the regulation, i.e. French, English, math, science and technology and social sciences.

    The regulations dictate that the parent is responsible for providing “a content to achieve the objectives included in the program of each subject [that] must be taught to allow progress in learning equivalent to that applicable per cycle at school.” You can therefore respect the pace and needs of your child, working at a grade level corresponding to their abilities and not their age.

    Can Elective Subjects Outlined in Our Learning Plan Be Prompt a Notice of Non-Conformity?

    No. Subjects which are not found in the regulations cannot be deemed non-conforming by your DEM resource person.

    However, if your child is in the process of certification of their studies (for purposes of receiving a diploma),  your school board or service center may request that subjects needed for credit be added to your learning plan. In this case, the evaluation methods must be decided in advance with your board/service center.

    In all cases, it is not necessary to detail the resources being used, or the activities undertaken. Nor should the child’s progress be measured for elective subjects. These should not be part of an annual evaluation, unless, again, for purposes of receiving credits.

    Do Children Have to Take Exams Every Year?

    No. According to the regulation, parents are obligated to provide a yearly evaluation for their child. However, there are five methods of evaluation from which to choose.

    Consult the page Annual evaluation for more information.

    Does a Parent Need to Have a Degree in Teaching or a Related Field to Homeschool??

    No, not at all.

    Every parent teaches a range of essential things to their child from birth on. In homeschooling, parents simply carry on with what they’ve been doing all along. Through Facebook groups, internet searches, local libraries and support groups, parents have access to an abundance of resources.

    In fact, when a parent doesn’t have information on a particular topic, it’s a perfect opportunity to set an example for their child by using the many tools and research methods at their disposal to find answers.

  • What Happens After Homeschooling?

    Homeschooling generally ends with the child returning to school, a transition to post-secondary studies or an integration to the job market. Each family decides on the course best suited to the wishes (personal or professional) of the child.

    Some post-secondary educational institutions are showing greater openness and immediately recognize the value of such a mode of learning.

    Some young people, having developed in-depth knowledge in a field that fascinates them, find a job directly. Examples are the fields of computing, robotics and arts.

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